Without doubt one of the greatest cities on Earth, London, the capital city of the United Kingdom, has been a hub for industry, creativity, education and tourism since time immemorial. With a rich history and diversity of peoples who call London home, it is one of the most cosmopolitan cities on the planet.
The Big Smoke
Coal was prevalent for the heating of homes throughout the 19th and in the former half of the 20th century in London. Along with the numerous factories of the industrial revolution belching out their fair share of soot, unsurprisingly, this resulted in the great city being constantly smothered in a layer of smog. Known as the ‘London Fog’ or ‘Pea Soupers’, this has resulted in a nickname of The Big Smoke being given to the city.
After the terrible Great Smog of 1952, perpetuated by unfortunate climatic conditions, the Clean Air Act of 1956 was passed which resulted in a gradual improvement of air quality. Nonetheless, the nickname stuck.